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Dog Training: How to Teach Your Dog Basic Commands

Dog Training

Dog Training is a process where you train your dog to behave according to your rules.

It is a method of teaching dogs how to obey commands and learn new skills. The main goal of this training is to make them obedient, friendly, and well behaved.

The difference between great dog trainers and mediocre ones is understanding how dogs think. Not their behaviour but their brain.

Dogs are brilliant animals with complex brains similar to our own.

So much like us, they want to please us and will do anything we ask them to if we treat them well. That said, many aspects of dog training are not very intuitive.

Even though dogs are intelligent, they don’t always think logically as humans do. Sometimes they act in ways that are opposite to what we expect. This makes it extremely important to understand how dogs think and use this knowledge to train them.

One of the biggest misconceptions people have about dogs is that they are stupid. They’re not! They are brilliant animals bred over thousands of years to perform specific tasks.

Unfortunately, they were also selected for intelligence, so they often used their minds against them. They have a tremendous capacity for remembering things but have poor short term memory.

How Dogs Learn

It’s a question people always ask and one we love answering. Because how they learn is a fascinating subject. How dogs learn isn’t as predictable as we might think.

It’s very unpredictable because every dog learns differently from every other dog.

So when dogs know how to do tricks, they don’t always understand the same way. If you wanted to teach them a trick, you’d need to teach it to each dog individually.

Every time you tried teaching a new trick to a dog, you’d need to start with the basics and then gradually build on that.

If you were to try teaching a dog a new trick, it could take weeks or months, depending on how advanced the dog was already.

Or it could take years until they finally learned all the tricks you taught them.

Because you see, dogs aren’t like us. They haven’t developed any rigid rules around learning. They follow their instincts, which are much more flexible than ours.

This makes them harder to train and means they’re easier to train.

Dogs are among our closest living relatives, and they share many similarities with us, including their ability to communicate using gestures and body language.

So why don’t they understand everything we say when we speak to them? Well, they have a different way of learning. And this is where curiosity comes in.

Curiosity is the key ingredient to learning. Curiosity drives us to explore and discover. It inspires us to keep going until we find an answer. If we didn’t have it, there wouldn’t be any science. Science needs curiosity to thrive just as we need it, too.

When teaching an animal how to do a task, the first step is to make sure they understand their goal. The dog needs to know precisely what you want them to do in this case.

This could mean using visual cues like pointing toward the chair or saying “Sit!” with a clear voice and body language. After this, provide the reward that makes sense for the specific situation, whether food or praise.

By giving an accurate description of the desired behaviour, we can ensure our dog understands what we want them to do. This method is called operant conditioning.

dog gives paw

How Do We Train Our Dogs?

It’s an easy question but a tricky answer. Dog training is not just about teaching dogs to obey commands and behave appropriately.

The true art of dog training lies in understanding the needs and personalities of individual dogs. This knowledge will help us know when and why a particular command may fail.

We learn from each failed attempt and create a plan that will ensure success next time around. Our goal is not to make a perfect dog—that’s impossible.

However, we learn to become better trainers each day by teaching others how to train their animals.

The key to the dog training process is to focus on the individual’s personality rather than the breed itself.

For example, if a Chihuahua were to play fetch with a Doberman Pinscher, they could enjoy this game equally, yet the Doberman would likely dominate the situation.

The reason behind this difference lies in the temperament of the two dogs.

There are many different dogs, all with different temperaments and requirements.

If you want a dog who will love and trust you unconditionally and will always respond to you, take the time to select carefully.

Dog Training is all about learning how to communicate with dogs.

To teach them everything from basic commands like “sit”, “stay”, and “come” to advanced tricks like “shake hands”, “do as I say”, and “rollover”.

And this includes teaching them how to deal with different situations and scenarios, including playing fetch with their ball, barking at strangers or jumping on furniture.

All these skills are taught using positive reinforcement techniques. This means no harmful punishment methods like shock collars, choke chains and prong collars.

Those are outdated and cruel methods that dog trainers should never use on any animal.

The first step in dog training is to establish a relationship with your canine companion. Dogs learn best from their owners, so if you’re going to use any training method, make sure you’re consistent and patient.

You should always praise your dog when he does something good, even if it’s just sitting next to you at the dinner table. If you don’t, he won’t understand why he should behave well.

Once you’ve established a positive relationship with your dog, you’ll want to train him. Start by taking him out for walks every day.

When you take him outside, give him lots of attention and praise him for doing things like coming back home without getting into trouble. Once he gets used to walking around with you, you can begin to teach him new commands.

You can start by simply asking your dog to sit down. Then, gradually increase the difficulty level by adding more commands.

For example, you could ask your dog to lie down, roll over, shake hands, etc. It’s essential to keep in mind that dogs are intelligent animals, so they’ll quickly figure out how to trick you. That’s why it’s necessary to be consistent and patient.

If you notice that your dog isn’t responding to your commands, try using food rewards. Some dogs respond very well to treats, while others prefer toys or bones.

Whatever works best for your dog, just remember to feed him regularly throughout the training process.

dogs playing

Teaching Your Dog Basic Commands

So when you think of dog training, do you think of sitting on the couch while your pet lies down?

Do you think of taking the dog outside to go potty?Or do you think of teaching your dog tricks?

That’s right! Teaching tricks is a great way to help teach dogs how to behave.

They love learning new tricks and will discover them in no time. This guide will show you how to train your dog with different tricks.

Training tricks for dogs allows you to use their instinct to help teach them how to behave. You don’t need any special equipment, and all you need is an open space and lots of patience.

The first track we will teach your dog is the sit command. You’ll start practising this as soon as your puppy comes home from the breeder.

You should practice these commands every day from the very beginning. This allows you to control your puppy better, but it also teaches them to listen to you.

Once your puppy learns the sit command, you’ll move on to another critical trick — the down command. Once they know the down command, you can begin working on other tricks. After all, once your puppy learns the commands “down”, they won’t try to eat the sofa or jump on the table anymore.

If you want to teach your dog tricks, you’ll need to start now! Training tricks require a lot of patience, so you’ll need plenty of free time throughout the week.

Don’t worry; it’s not hard to find the time. All you need is 30 minutes each day, and you’ll be well on your way.

Dog holds ball

Common Forms of Dog Learning

Dogs learn from everything around them. They watch us, listen to us, smell us, taste us, and touch us.

We, humans, love dogs because we see ourselves in them.

We feel connected with them, and we want to help them succeed. But how do we teach our dogs new tricks?

Let’s look at different forms of dog learning and how each one works.

Operant Conditioning or Aversive-Based Training

This form of learning involves rewarding desirable behaviour and punishing unwanted behaviour. This type of learning is used most often with dogs that have been trained using food rewards.

Learn more about what dog food is good for a reward.

Operant Conditioning is used to teach various behaviours such as sitting, down, coming, heel, and waiting.

Classical Conditioning or Reward-Based Positive Training

In classical conditioning, a neutral stimulus becomes associated with a reward. For example, a bell may become associated with food.

Classical conditioning is a powerful tool for teaching dogs how to do anything. It’s also a great way to teach humans how to train dogs.

Non-associative Learning

In conclusion, dogs have been shown to have non-associative learning capabilities. This means that when they see someone else perform a particular behaviour, they will automatically copy it without being prompted.

For example, if you show your dog a treat and he sees another person give his owner a treat, he may decide to follow suit.

This type of learning is very useful for training purposes because it allows us to teach our pets new behaviours without having to use any verbal cues.

Observational Learning

In conclusion, observational learning is when dogs observe their owners’ behaviour and imitate it.

This makes sense because dogs have been observed to mimic the behaviours of humans since ancient times.

For example, if you see someone pick up a stick, you might notice that your dog picks up sticks too. Or if you see someone yawn, your dog will likely yawn too.

And if you see someone throw a ball into the air, your dog will most likely chase after it.


Socialization is a form of learning that occurs naturally in puppies and young animals. Puppies learn about the world around them by observing and interacting with their parents, siblings, and other species members. Socialization helps dogs develop into well-adjusted adults.

Hand Commands

Hand commands are another type of dog training in classes. This method involves using hand signals to teach dogs to obey commands.


Hand commands can be used:

  • in any environment
  • with multiple dogs
  • without a leash


  • difficult to understand
  • take longer than other methods
  • be confusing to humans

Clicker Training

Clicker training is another popular method of teaching dogs to obey commands. It’s similar to hand commands, except that clickers are used to reward good behaviour instead of using hand signals.


  • used anywhere
  • used for multiple dogs
  • train dogs to do things they’ve never done before
  • used to train aggressive dogs


  • be expensive
  • require patience
  • be difficult for small dogs
dog is waiting

How to Make Sure Your Dog Learns Commands Quickly

If you want your dog to learn commands quickly, then make sure they understand the meaning behind each word.

By understanding this, your dog will automatically associate the command with the action. This way, they are already familiar with the action when they hear the command.

For example, if your dog hears “sit”, it should sit down immediately. If they don’t know what “sit” means, they will not know how to sit.

They won’t necessarily sit because they’ve heard the word but rather because they’re already familiar with the action.

The same goes for other commands such as “come”, “stay”, and “down”. Associating the words with action makes them easier to remember and apply to everyday life.

When training your first puppy, you may be tempted to teach them every command from the start. However, there’s no need to do this.

Instead, focus on teaching dogs their names and making sure they understand the actions associated with these words. Then introduce the actual commands slowly whenever they are ready.

A great way of doing this is by using games. For example, to train your dog to stay put, use treats in place of verbal commands. You’ll notice that your dog will realize that staying still gets them food after a while.

As soon as they figure this out, you can introduce the verbal command.

dog is reading book

How to Teach Your Dog Basic Commands

Teaching basic commands to dogs is an easy way to teach them to behave around their owners and other people. However, many dog training methods take time to master.

These include clicker training, bite inhibition training, obedience training, and socialization. While many of these methods help train specific behaviours, they do not provide the comprehensive basic training needed to keep your dog safe and obedient.

We recommend using the positive reinforcement method of training with treats.

Positive reinforcement training is taught as follows:

  1. Give the command “Sit.”
  2. Wait for the dog to sit down
  3. When he sits down, give him a treat (such as a bone, ball or Kong)
  4. Repeat steps 2) and 3) until the dog understands the command

This procedure will help establish the relationship between the dog and its owner. Giving a vast range of rewards when the dog obeys encourages him to learn how to obey.

Once this occurs, it is easier to teach the dog other commands.

Here are some tips on how to teach your basic dog commands.

  1. Be patient
  2. Use reward-based methods
  3. Say it slowly
  4. Reward each step forward
  5. Always praise
woman is training her dog

9 Dog Training Tips For Beginners

Training your puppy is exciting, but it can also be frustrating.

New dogs are often very excitable and energetic puppies who need lots of exercise and training. They should be taught how to behave around other people and animals from an early age.

If you take the time to train your puppy correctly from an early age, it will help them become well-behaved adults.

It’s important to remember that every dog is different and has its personality. Some dogs are easier than others to train.

Be Patient

Puppies are young animals. They don’t understand what you’re trying to teach them yet.

They may not listen to you right away. Puppies often need to learn things slowly.

Be patient with your puppy. If you force him to do something he doesn’t want to do, he’ll become stressed out and frustrated.

This will cause him to act up and disobey you. Instead, let him learn things at his own pace.

Reward Good Behavior

When your puppy does something good, reward him. This will encourage him to repeat the behaviour.

For example, if he jumps up on you, give him a treat.

He’ll jump up again if you give him a second treat.

Reward your puppy whenever he does something good. This will help him learn to obey commands.

Use Positive Reinforcement

Positive reinforcement means rewarding your puppy for doing something good. For example, if your puppy jumps up on you, praise him.

Give him a treat after he jumps up on you. Praise him for jumping up on you.

Use positive reinforcement to teach your puppy to behave well. It’s important to praise your puppy when he obeys you.

Don’t Punish Bad Behavior

Don’t punish your puppy for bad behaviour. Punishing him will only make him afraid of you.

Instead, ignore bad behaviour. Ignore it by not reacting to it.

If your puppy keeps jumping up on you, don’t yell at him. Yelling won’t change anything.

Just ignore him. Let him know that jumping up on you isn’t acceptable.

Teach Commands

Teaching your puppy basic commands is essential. These include sit, stay, down, come, and wait.

Make sure you teach these commands before you take your puppy outside.

Once you’ve taught your puppy some human commands, practice them together.

Practice commands with your puppy, so he knows what they mean

Take Care of Yourself

Take care of yourself during training sessions. Train your puppy when you’re feeling energetic and happy.

Train your puppy when you feel calm and relaxed.

If you’re tired, then your puppy will probably be too.

Taking care of yourself will ensure that you’re prepared to train your puppy. Remember, patience is key when teaching your puppy.

He needs to learn things slowly. Don’t rush him. Gradually build up to more complex commands.

That way, he’ll be able to handle them better later on.

Praise Your Puppy

Praise your puppy whenever he does something right. This builds his self-esteem and makes him feel good about himself.

Praising your puppy encourages him to repeat the behaviour. If you honour your puppy every time he does something right, he’ll continue to perform that behaviour.

Exercise Puppies Regularly

Exercise is vital for puppies. Puppies should run around and often play as it helps to develop muscles and keeps them fit.

Join your local training team or any 1-2-1 training.

Socialize Puppies Early On

Socializing puppies early on is very important. Puppies should learn about other animals and humans. They should learn to trust others.

dog owners rewarding dog

What Do You Want From Your Dog?

First things first. As much as we love our dogs, they’re not always going to come running when we shout “HEY DOG!” at them. They don’t necessarily respond to commands such as sit, stay, roll over or lie down without primary reinforcement.

This is why I like to use the phrase “want” instead of “command”.

Wanting to teach your dog something is entirely different to telling them to do something and expecting them to comply.

What do you want from your dog? A friend who will love you unconditionally and protect you with his life. A companion who will always know how much you care will make you laugh while showing you unconditional love—a loyal buddy who will share everything with you.

Think about all the beautiful moments you’ve experienced together. All the fun times you shared. All the great memories. These are the moments that count in your relationship with your dog.

You’re responsible for every moment of happiness he experiences. You’ll take him on adventures, play with him, teach him tricks, feed him treats, wash him, groom him, bathe him, walk him, exercise him, pet him, snuggle and cuddle with him, sing songs with him, tell stories with him.

If he thinks you don’t like him, he might not feel safe or happy around you if he feels rejected or hurt. Don’t let this happen.

Make sure he knows that you adore him and that nothing could come between you.

Your dog will give you a massive range of unconditional love, loyalty, friendship, safety, comfort, protection, companionship, joy, laughter, entertainment etc.

Your Dog’s Personality

You don’t need an expensive pet psychic to know that dogs are intelligent. They’re loyal and affectionate, and they love to make people smile. Yet many doubt the wisdom behind this claim. Couldn’t they just be acting?

The first question to ask yourself when considering any animal’s personality traits and characteristics is why does it act the way it does? Not necessarily the answer you want, but it’s a great place to start.

There are many theories on the subject. Some experts believe that animals exhibit their personalities to us as a form of communication.

Others suggest that each species has its own rules and customs that govern how it acts. Whatever the reason, we all tend to think of animals as predictable creatures. However, the truth is that we’d be surprised if we knew every single fact about our pets.

As humans, not everything they do will be easy to understand.

Your dog has an identity, just like you do.

You know that your dog likes treats, walks on the beach and sleeps with his head under the covers. You also understand that he doesn’t care much for other dogs. He thinks they’re loud, yappy and annoying. That’s why he prefers sleeping alone.

He knows if he sleeps next to others, he’ll wake up all covered in hairballs and drool.

He gets a little cranky when you try to take him for a walk along the beach. So instead, he waits until you leave the house and then runs home to sleep all day long.

But there are times when you want to go for a walk with your dog. When he needs a friend and someone who will listen to him whine while playing fetch, in those moments, he wants someone to give him his favourite treat—someone who understands how he feels but won’t judge him.

That someone is YOU.

So grab your leash and take a stroll around town together. Let your dog talk to you, share his thoughts and let him know that he makes you happy.

And as a reward for listening, he might even show you a trick or two.

Behavioural Issues

Dog’s behavioural issues are often caused by an imbalance between their instincts and training. This can lead to anxiety, aggression, shyness, fearfulness, hyperactivity, and other problems.

Dogs are loyal, loving, obedient and affectionate animals. They’re intelligent, playful and fun-loving pets who make great companions. However, they also come with their own set of challenges. From housebreaking to barking, they chew and jump on people.

But there are ways to help them overcome these issues. With the proper training, discipline and understanding, you can teach your dog all he needs to know to become an excellent companion.

When we introduce them to a new home, they experience stress and anxiety. This causes them to act out, which leads to undesirable behaviours.

They may chew on furniture, destroy property, bark incessantly, urinate all over the house or even bite people. These dogs may also suffer from separation anxiety, aggression towards other animals, excessive barking, digging, biting, scratching, pulling, chewing or jumping.

If we understand these behavioural issues and how to manage them, we can help our dog live happily with us forever!

Dogs can behave differently due to different reasons. Some of these reasons include:

  • Genetics
  • Training methods
  • Ownership
  • Environment
  • Owner’s Attitude

The bottom line is that many types of behavioural problems could benefit from professional intervention. If your dog shows any signs of aggression towards people or other animals, he must receive proper training to better control his impulses.

Dog training in water

Reward System

Dogs love treats. They also love playing fetch. But how do you get your dog to play fetch with you?

It’s not rocket science.

You have to put a treat in front of your dog, and he will happily run after it.

But what if you want your dog to play fetch every day? What if you want him to play fetch even when you aren’t around? Well, here’s the secret.

You can create a fun and effective reward system for your dog that will make him play fetch with you every day.

In this guide, I’ll teach you how to set up a simple reward system for your dog. Once you’ve got it down, you’ll never have to worry about your dog playing fetch again!

Treats for Good Behavior

When you give your dog treats, you’re rewarding him for doing something he likes (reward-based training).

But if you’re giving him treats every time he does something wrong, he’ll eventually learn that bad behaviour gets rewarded.

Try giving your dog treats for positive behaviours. For example, you could reward him for sitting quietly while working on your laptop.

Or you could give him a treat after he greets you at the door. These rewards will teach your dog that good behaviour gets rewarded instead of negative behaviour.

Best Dogs For First Time Owners in the UK

First-time dog owners often wonder if they should get a puppy or a mature dog. The answer depends on many factors, including your lifestyle, budget, and personality.

Puppies are cute, but they require a lot of attention and care. Mature dogs are less demanding, but they usually cost more money. Puppies are easier to train, but they grow into bigger dogs. Adult dogs are easier to prepare, and they tend to be calmer and more stable.

It’s best to choose a breed based on your needs and preferences. Some species are better suited to specific jobs, while others are better for families. It’s also important to consider whether you prefer a large or small dog.

Smaller breeds generally require less space and maintenance, making them ideal for apartment dwellers. Larger species typically require more space and exercise, making better choices for larger homes.

Best Dog Breeds for beginners

  • Labrador Retriever
  • Golden Retriever
  • Boxer
  • Cavalier King Charles 
  • Papillon
  • Poodle

Studies and Researches


Frequently Asked Questions

What age should dogs start agility training?

The best age to start agility training is around six months old. Puppies are still developing physically and mentally, and they’re ready to begin learning new things. They’re also much smaller than adult dogs, so they don’t require as much space.

It’s important to remember that young dogs may not always respond to commands immediately. However, once they’ve learned something, they retain it for life. So, if you want to teach your dog to jump through hoops, it’s best to start early.

What are the seven basic dog commands?

The seven basic dog commands sit, down, heel, come, wait, stay, and off. Owners use these commands to teach their dog’s different behaviours.

For example, you may tell your dog to “sit” when he wants to go outside. Or you may say “down” when he wants to lie down. You can also use these commands to train your dog to obey specific rules.

For instance, you could tell him to “heel” when he gets too close to another person. Or you could ask him to “come” when you want him to follow you around the house. It’s important to remember that each command has multiple meanings.

So, don’t just assume that one command means one thing. Instead, try using the command several times until you figure out what it means. Once you’ve mastered the basics, you can move on to more advanced commands like “stay,” “wait,” and “off.”

What is the best age to train a dog?

The best age to train a puppy or dog is six months old. They have already learned basic commands like sit, down, stay, and come. It’s also good to teach them to walk on a leash before taking them outside.

This will allow you to practice walking with them and ensure that they don’t pull on the leash. Once you’ve taught them these basics, you can move on to teaching them tricks.

This is an excellent way to bond with your pet and keeps him, or she entertained.

Can you take your puppy on walks?

You can take your puppy on walks! It’s just like taking any other pet on a walk. Just remember to keep him safe by keeping his leash tight and paying attention to where he goes.

Make sure you don’t let him run off too far away from home because he could get lost or hurt. Also, make sure you give him plenty of exercise and playtime during the day.

He needs to burn off energy and release pent-up stress. And if you’re worried about him getting bored, try giving him a toy to chew.

Dogs love toys, and they’ll always find something to entertain themselves.

Can dogs do agility for fun?

Fun agility is a sport that combines elements from dog obedience, tracking, and herding. It requires a combination of skills, including focus, coordination, and strength.

Agility exercises need a dog to perform tricks while running through obstacles and jumping over hurdles.

Many different types of agility equipment are available, including tunnels, ramps, ladders, and other structures.

Some of these items are designed specifically for dogs, while others are meant for humans. Regardless of the equipment used, it’s always best to work with a professional trainer who knows how to train your dog safely.

What is Model-Rival training?

Model-rival training is a type of training that uses a combination of verbal commands and visual cues to teach dogs to obey basic commands like sit, down, stay and heel. It’s an excellent option for anyone who wants to train their dog without using physical force.

In addition to teaching dogs to obey basic commands, it teaches them to focus on the person giving the command rather than any distractions around them. This is especially useful for dogs who pull on leashes or jump up on people.

Model-rival training is an excellent option for anyone whose dog has been trained before but needs to be taught again. It’s also a good choice for anyone who doesn’t have much experience training dogs.

What is dog motivational training for?

Dog motivational training is a type of dog training that uses rewards to motivate your dog to behave in specific ways.

It teaches your dog to perform tasks like sit, down, heel, and wait. It’s often used by trainers who specialize in working with dogs, but it can also be used by anyone who wants to train their dog.

There are many different methods of dog motivational training, including clicker training, food-based training, and verbal commands.

Each method has its benefits and drawbacks, so it’s best to try several before choosing one.

How does electronic training work?

Electronic training uses a clicker to teach dogs commands. A clicker is a small device that emits a sound whenever a dog performs a command correctly.

It’s used to reward good behaviour, and it’s an excellent tool for teaching dogs new behaviours. Dogs love the clicker because it lets them know when they’ve performed a task correctly. They associate the sound with something fun, like food, and enjoy learning new things.

In addition, clickers are easy to use and inexpensive.

They don’t require any special equipment, and they’re portable enough to take anywhere. For these reasons, clickers are becoming increasingly popular among trainers.

What is relationship-based training?

Relationship-based training is a type of training where the trainer uses rewards to teach the dog to perform certain behaviours.

It’s an excellent method for teaching dogs tricks like sitting, down, heel, and shaking. To train your dog using this technique, you first need to establish a good bond between you and your dog.

Once you’ve established that connection, you can begin to reward him for performing specific actions. For example, if he sits next to you on the couch, you could give him a treat.

Then, you can add another behaviour to his repertoire once he starts sitting next to you without any prompting. Now, you can reward him for both behaviours.

This is called progressive reinforcement. Another benefit of this training method is that it’s easy to incorporate into everyday life.

You don’t have to go through a formal training class to learn how to use it. You just need to practice it over time.

Is dog behaviour management the same as dog training?

Dog behaviour management is similar to dog training in that both involve teaching dogs to behave correctly.

However, dog behaviour management focuses on preventing destructive behaviours before they occur, whereas dog training focuses on correcting those behaviours once they’ve already happened.

Both methods are effective, but dog behaviour management tends to be more affordable and easy to implement. It’s also much safer for owners since it doesn’t require physical contact with the animal. 


In conclusion, dogs are amazing animals. They love us unconditionally, want nothing more than to please us, and are always eager to learn.

That’s why it’s so important to train your dog from the very beginning.

The key is to keep going until you reach your goal. Don’t worry too much about whether you’re doing it right; instead, focus on enjoying the process and having fun.

The sooner you teach him to obey basic commands like sit, stay, and come, the easier it will be to keep him under control when he grows older. And since dogs are intelligent creatures, they’ll quickly pick up on these commands.

So if you want to avoid having to use harsh methods, later on, start training your puppy today!

If you decide to ask for help and training professionals, a friendly dog club, puppy classes in a park, or online dog training courses will be able to help.